In the previous article, the authors analyzed the current situation with the long-term planning in district heating (DH) in Ukraine. This article presents recommendations for the finalization of regulatory acts for heat supply sector in terms of the introduction of long-term planning in the DH sector in Ukraine.

The article deals with the issues:
- Planning at the state level;
- Planning at the regional level

Read the full article here:

How to implement long-term planning in district heating in Ukraine? Georgii Geletukha – Head of the Board of Bioenergy Association of Ukraine. Electronic edition "Investgazeta", September 18, 2018 (in Ukrainian)

The article is prepared on the basis of the USAID project "Municipal Energy Reform in Ukraine". The opinions expressed by the authors in this publication do not necessarily coincide with the position of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) or the Government of the United States of America

To the question that is in the title of the article, unfortunately, you can immediately give a negative answer. The situation needs to be changed urgently, as long-term planning in the Ukrainian heat supply sector is necessary due to a number of important factors, among which, in particular: the creation of a favorable investment climate. To make a decision on investing in any sector, the investor must clearly understand the prospects for the development of this sector. As for centralized heat supply (DH), its further fate in Ukraine is uncertain, and state policy in this area is also uncertain.

The article deals with the issues:
- Planning at the state level;
- Planning at the regional level

Read the full article here:

Is there a long-term planning in the heat supply sector in Ukraine? Georgii Geletukha – Head of the Board of Bioenergy Association of Ukraine. Electronic edition "Investgazeta", September 10, 2018 (in Ukrainian)

In Ukraine, there are more than 240 thousand multifamily buildings, half of which are connected to district heating (DH). Sociology says that most of the apartment owners, who live in these homes, are not satisfied with the quality of services provided by local utilities. Complaints are typical for all regions: barely warm batteries or overheated in winter, lack of hot water in the summer, frequent network failures and in-house equipment.

The article deals with the issues:
- Abroad experience: more investment, reasonable tariffs, 100% accounting;
- What shall we do?
- Long-term planning - protecting the interests of consumers;
- Ukrainian realities - not in favor of consumers.

Read the full article here:

Central heating: Ukraine on the verge of a catastrophe. Electronic edition "Obozrevatel.", September 8, 2018 (in Ukrainian)

The article is prepared on the basis of the USAID project "Municipal Energy Reform in Ukraine". The opinions expressed by the authors in this publication do not necessarily coincide with the position of the United States Agency for International Development (USAID) or the Government of the United States of America

In the article, results of the feasibility study of some typical projects on the production and consumption of agrobiomass briquettes in Ukraine are analyzed and summarized. The research methods include an overview of the successful examples of the production and use of biomass briquettes in Ukraine, the identification of priority types of relevant projects, the assessment of the main technical and economic indicators of several typical bioenergy projects.

Under Ukrainian conditions the following three typical variants of the biofuel production projects can be suggested: rural enterprise produces agrobiomass briquettes and sells them as a substitute for expensive coal to the local population and other consumers using small boilers with manual loading; villagers or members of a united territorial community create an energy cooperative, within which they produce biomass briquettes for their own consumption; large agrarian enterprise produces briquettes from its own agricultural raw materials and sells the product partly to its employees, partly to other consumers.

Typical types of projects for the use of agrobiomass briquettes can be as follows: an individual consumer or trade/service organization or industrial/commercial enterprise uses biomass briquettes in the existing boiler (replacement of coal) or in the newly purchased boiler of the appropriate capacity (replacement of coal/natural gas). The results of the preliminary feasibility study of these typical projects show that all the projects are economically feasible with a discounted payback period of 3-5 years.

Substantiation of the typical projects for production and consumption of agrobiomass briquettes in Ukraine. G. G. Geletukha, T. A. Zheliezna, S. V. Drahniev, A. I. Bashtovyi, I. L. Rogovskii. "Scientific herald of national university of life and environmental science of Ukraine", Series: Technique and Energy of APK, 2018, №282 (p. 173-180)

The Renewable Energy Sector expects significant changes related to the likely introduction of auctions for solar (more than 10 MW) and wind (more than 20 MW) power plants from 2020. However, these changes do not apply to the biomass and biogas electricity generation sector, which also needs legislative changes.
The installed capacity of biomass and biogas plants in Ukraine is the smallest in comparison with other sector objects: biomass - 43.8 MW, biogas - 40.6 MW, while SES - 841.4 MW, WPP - 512, 2 MW.

The article considers:

  • European achievements against Ukrainian realities
  • Causes of low electricity generation from biomass and biogas in comparison with electricity generation from other RES
  • 5 steps to stimulate the development of the bioenergy electricity sector

Authors:
Sergii Savchuk, Head of State AGency of Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Ukraine,
Georgii Geletukha, Head of the Board of Bioenergy Association of Ukraine.

Read full article "Electricity from the field and the forest. How to make bioenergy a profitable business" at "Ekonomichna Pravda" (in Ukrainian)

Can we effectively use abandoned, polluted or unproductive land? A fierce response to this question is given by the project, which began in 2016 and entitled "Fostering Sustainable Feedstock Production for Advanced Biofuels on underutilised land in Europe" (FORBIO). The project is funded within the framework of the European Union program for science and innovation "Horizon 2020" and aims to demonstrate the viability of land use in EU and Ukraine countries for the sustainable production of bioenergy raw materials that does not affect the supply of food and feed, nor does it affect land, which are currently used for recreational and / or nature conservation purposes.

Ukraine has become one of the demo countries together with Italy and Germany, where the main activities of the project are carried out, and the results are intended to lay the groundwork for building and strengthening local bioenergy chains that are competitive and in line with the highest sustainability criteria, contributing to the emergence of sustainable bioenergy markets in the countries EU and Ukraine.

Read full article here:

How to use “underutilized lands” for the cultivation of sustainable biomass feedstock? Tryboi Oleksandra, Drahniev Semen, Journal "Ekolohiia Pidpryiemstva", 2018, №7 (72), p. 55-63 (in Ukrainian)

Centralized heat supply, when properly used, is considered worldwide as one of the most effective, economical and ecological methods of heating, and in recent years – cooling, in multi-apartment buildings.

For decades, DH was and still remains the main way of heating multi-apartment houses and in Ukraine. Unfortunately, in recent years there have been persistent negative trends in this sector.
-Why did we come to the degradation of DH systems?
-How to save and restore the DH system?
-Possible ways of solving problems that exist in the DH in Ukraine, namely: technical measures, organization measures.

Read the articles below (2 Parts):

How to maintain and develop district heating in Ukraine? Part 1. Oleksandr Dombrovskyi – First Vice-chairman of the Committee on Fuel and Energy Complex, Nuclear Policy and Nuclear Safety, Sergii Savchuk – Head of State AGency of Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Ukraine, Diana Korsakaite – Director of USAID Municipal Energy Reform Project (MERP), Georgii Geletukha – Head of the Board of Bioenergy Association of Ukraine. Electronic edition "Ukraine Communal", July 25, 2018 (in Ukrainian)
How to maintain and develop district heating in Ukraine? Part 2: Ways of solving problems that exist in district heating. Oleksandr Dombrovskyi – First Vice-chairman of the Committee on Fuel and Energy Complex, Nuclear Policy and Nuclear Safety, Sergii Savchuk – Head of State AGency of Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Ukraine, Diana Korsakaite – Director of USAID Municipal Energy Reform Project (MERP), Georgii Geletukha – Head of the Board of Bioenergy Association of Ukraine. Electronic edition "Ukraine Communal", July 26, 2018 (in Ukrainian)

The biofuel market in Ukraine has a number of problems that require an immediate solution. Thus, instability of prices for biofuels negatively affects the work of existing and the emergence of new generating facilities. The price of firewood, pellets, cod and other solid biofuels may vary by area several times. The mechanism for organizing the biofuel market in Ukraine should be the use of a single electronic platform where all interested producers and consumers will have a possibility for biofuels trading. Thus, instability of prices, the unreliability of supply and doubtful quality of biofuels negatively affect the work of existing and the emergence of new generating facilities. This indicates that the biofuels market is developing spontaneously and needs to be changed. A lot of effort needs to be made for the real introduction of e-commerce for biofuels. In particular, to develop and adopt necessary legislation; to define a fully-fledged state body regulating electronic commerce; to conduct a tender and to select a system operator. However, according to the authors of the article, such efforts are worthwhile for a transparent, efficient and civilized biofuel market to emerge in Ukraine.

How to implement the biofuel trading in Ukraine?  Sergii Savchuk, Oleksandr Dombrovskyi, Diana Korsakaite, Georgii Geletukha. Monthly analytical report "Balance of Energy of Ukraine", 2018, №1 (01) June (p. 7-10) (in Ukrainian)
Implementation of e-commerce for biofuels in Ukraine. Georgii Geletukha. Monthly analytical report "Balance of Energy of Ukraine", 2018, №1 (01) June (p. 12-23) (in Ukrainian)

The results of the life cycle assessment of thermal energy production from Salix Viminalis L. wood chips are presented. The energy efficiency and reduction of greenhouse gas emissions are estimated. The influence of the most important parameters is analyzed and the optimal ratios for ensuring maximum energy efficiency and environmental sustainability are determined.

Life cycle assessment of thermal energy production from the willow wood chips in Ukraine. Tryboi O.V. Journal "Promyslova teplotekhnika", 2018, v. 40, №2 (p. 56-64) (read in English p.64)

The current state of the development of bioenergy in Ukraine is presented. Prospects for the production of heat from biomass by sectors of consumption until
2050 are estimated. The most important barriers to the development of the sector are analyzed, ways for their complete or partial overcoming are suggested.

Problems and prospects for bioenergy development in Ukraine. Geletukha G.G., Zheliezna T.A., Bashtovyi A.I., Geletukha H. I. Journal "Promyslova teplotekhnika", 2018, v. 40, №2 (p. 41-48)