biogas plant 1Biogas plants on agricultural waste are primarily aimed at obtaining renewable energy: electricity, heat, industrial steam, and in the case of further purification of biogas - fuel for engines or a substitute for natural gas (biomethane). However, additional energy and diversification of its supply are far from being all arguments in favor of the construction of biogas plants. There are numerous ecological advantages: control of unpleasant odors and pathogens, reduction of greenhouse gas emissions (methane, carbon dioxide, nitrogen oxide), it is possible to reduce the need for fertilizers. And of course biogas plants are new prospects for agribusiness, alternative land use, deep utilization of waste and by-products, new jobs and, finally, a source of additional profit from the sale of energy.

On how the biogas market in Ukraine is developing now and what opportunities still remain unused read in the article of the deputy director of the Scientific Engineering Center "Biomass" Yuri Matveev "To the farmer and to the state ..." on the agrarian web site "AGRO TIMES" (in Ukrainian).

smokestackIn many European cities consumers can choose heat suppliers. How to introduce such a system in Ukraine? Reed more in the article of UABio member Oleg Savytsky for Ekonomichna pravda

Monopolized district heating sector of Ukraine comes to a standstill. It accumulates dollars of debts and is not able to provide quality services.

One of the answers to these challenges is to make the sector competitive. Some neighbors-states of Ukraine have successful practices of such changes.

Reed full article on the Ekonomichna pravda web-site (in Ukrainian).

State-of-the-art and prospects for the development of power production from biomass in Ukraine are analyzed. Main approaches to choosing steam turbines for the commercial projects on biomass CHP plants for public heat supply are considered. The paper presents some results of energy analysis of the life cycle of combined heat and power production from solid biomass.

Energy and ecology analysis of technologies for power production from biomass. Part 1. Georgiy Geletukha, Tetiana Zheliezna, Anatolii Bashtovyi. Journal "Industrial heat engineering", 2017, vт.39, №1 (p. 58-64)

district heatingWhy Ukraine lags behind in the establishment of fair competition in the district heating, as it is done in Europe. More on the issue read in the article "Disrict Heating" published in the analytical magazine "Housing and communal services of Ukraine".

Of course, a role played by the fact that until recently there were price distortions in tariffs for thermal energy for different types of consumers due to the subsidized price of natural gas. As a result, tariffs for the population, whose share in the consumption of heat in district heating systems is in some villages up to 85-90%, were so low, that do not encourage the potential producers of thermal energy from other (except natural gas) fuels and energy to participate in it. Now the situation has changed as a result of the alignment of prices for natural gas for different categories of consumers.

Але існує ще низка причин. Cфера комунального теплопостачання сформувалася ще в радянський час як монополія з виробництва, транспортування та постачання теплової енергії. І досі комунальні підприємства теплопостачання не мають достатніх економічних чи законодавчих стимулів до участі у формуванні конкурентного ринку централізованого теплопостачання. Та й потенційні незалежні виробники теплової енергії насправді обмежені в доступі до теплових мереж.

Read more ...

competition vs monopolyOleksandr Dombrovskyi, Sergiy Savchuk, Georgiy Geletukha, Diana Korsakaite, Volodymyr Kramar in the article "Competition vs monopoly in heat supply" wrote about  the essential prerequisites for reducing the cost of heat and improve the quality of services for consumers. The article was published in the analytical magazine "Housing and communal services of Ukraine".

The experience of developed European countries shows that one of the effective ways to ensure the development and increase the efficiency of heating systems is the introduction of competitive relations in this area.

Currently, in the district heating of Ukraine, the vast majority of manufacturers and suppliers of heat belong to the municipal or state property. And often these organizations combine activities of production, transportation, and supply of heat and are monopolists in district heating at a given area for decades. Most of them use natural gas, as fuel, which is currently the most expensive energy carrier.

Since July 2016, the fuel component, based on natural gas, accounted for 84% of the tariff for thermal energy for the population.

Read more ...

EU sustainability criteria for the production and consumption of biofuels  are analyzed. The paper reviews current EU policy on sustainable bioenergy and future  plans.  It is shown that general trend is appearance of wider and stricter  requirements for the sustainability of biofuels. Recommendations for the sustainable production of biofuels in Ukraine are presented.

Analysis of criteria for sustainable development of bioenergy. Georgiy Geletukha, Tetiana Zhelyezna, Oleksandra Tryboi, Anatoliy Bashtovyi, Scientific journal "Industrial Heat Engineering", 2016, N6 (p. 49-57) (in Ukrainian) or in English

maistryshyn dombrovskyi geletukha heat market model Volodymyr Maistryshyn, Oleksandr Dombrovskyi, Georgiy Geletukha, ZN.UA, N43-44, November 19, 2016.

In Ukraine, district heating market consists of utility companies, which combine production, transportation and supply of heat, and also provide their customers with service of hot water and heating.

Activities in the field of heating and belongs to the monopoly regulated by the state (NKREKP) - licensing, tariff setting and monitoring of such companies. However, the desire of central and local authorities to satisfy consumers often comes up against a wall of political "unwillingness" and their own economic interests.

The main goal of a competitive market is to protect the economic interests of consumers of thermal energy. It is obvious that the existing monopoly position does not contribute to production efficiency, does not reduce cost of thermal energy, as well as does not improve the quality of services and does not contribute to the renewal of fixed assets.

You can read more in the article "What model of heat market is needed for Ukraine" at ZN.UA (in Ukrainian).

The paper covers basic designs of district heating market and existing ways for heat tarif setting by the examples of selected European countries. It is shown that most of the countries apply the single-buyer model though, for example, Finland is considering possibility for implementing the network access model. Main problems of Ukraine’s district heating sector are analyzed. Due to the monopolistic position of district heating companies, there are no preconditions for the development of competitiveness in the heat market, for the improvement of heat quality and reduction of its production cost. The system for setting heat tariff is also imperfect. Recommendations for the creation of competitive heat market in Ukraine are suggested. One of the main measures is implementing legal unbundling of the existing district heating companies into at least two independent enterprises. The fist company would be engaged in heat production; the second one would deal with heat transmission and supply. Creation of competitive heat market will contribute to attaining objectives of the National Renewable Energy Action Plan.

Analysis of operation models in the district heating sector of EU countries. Part 1. Geletukha G.G., Zheliezna T.A., Bashtovyi A.I. Journal "Promyslova teplotekhnika" (Industrial heat engineering), 2016, v.38, N5 (p. 78-85) (in Ukrainian)

competitive heat market 1

Sergiy Savchuk, Oleksandr Dombrovskyi, Diana Korsakaite, Georgiy Geletukha, Ivan Nadein, Volodymyr Maistryshyn,, October 27, 2016.

Over the past year the topic of gas prices and tariffs for heating is in the center of public attention.

However, all public debates are going around two issues: fairness in tariffs and system of subsidies, and the topic of monopoly in the heat market is hushed up.

Perhaps the only article on this subject - "Black Holes of housing and communal services. How to get rid of monopolies and stop the tariffs." (in Ukrainian).

About what actually happens in the Ukrainian district heating systems read the full article on the web-portal Ekonomichna Pravda.

The seventh edition of the monthly practical journal "Ecology of the Enterprise" published an article of UABio experts Semen Dragnev, Tetiana Zhelyezna and Georgiy Geletukha "Opportunities for harvesting by-products of grain corn for energy production in Ukraine".

By biomass volumes, corn is the most productive of all grain crop. While in Ukraine, only part of it, namely grain, is sold as a commercial product. However, the fuel properties of byproducts of corn and properties of ash, technologies, and equipment for the harvesting of byproducts of corn for grain makes it quite a possible resource for energy production.

Read the article in full (in Ukrainian) or the 16th Position Paper (in English)
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