UABio participated in the TNA project: technology needs assessment in Ukraine. First report is published

Six experts of Bioenergy association of Ukraine participated in the TNA project. Technology Needs Assessment (TNA) is a set of country-driven activities leading to the identification, prioritisation and diffusion of environmentally sound technologies for mitigation and adaptation to climate change. The TNA project is implemented by the United Nations Environment Programme and the UNEP DTU Partnership on behalf of the Global Environment Facility. Project implementation period in Ukraine: 2018-2020Project Coordinator in Ukraine: Department of Climate Change and Ozone Conservation of the Ministry of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine.Coverage of the whole project: 70 countriesDuration of the whole project: 2005-2020Budget: USD 20...

! New Venue of the "Biomass for Energy 2019" Conference - Premier Palace Hotel

Dear future participants of the International Conference "BIOMASS for ENERGY 2019"! We are pleased to announce that due to the support of the conference by the UNDP project “Development and Commercialization of Bioenergy Technologies in the Municipal Sector in Ukraine”, this year’s venue will be changed. New Venue: Premier Palace Hotel - the only hotel in Kiev with more than a century-old history. We hope that holding a conference in the new, modern and comfortable halls of the hotel, located in the heart of the cultural and business life of Kiev, will help to raise its status, and its participants to establish cooperation with...

Prospects of Biomass market development in the EU and Ukraine. Interview with Georgii Geletukha for Openeurope and USPP

The non-governmental organization Openeurope and the Ukrainian Union of Industrialists and Entrepreneurs (USPP) have released an informational video for Ukrainian businesses about the prospects of using biomass, its economic benefits and forecasting investments in this field in the coming years. Experts: Chairman of the Board of the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine Georgii Geletukha, Advisor to the Chairman of the State Energy Efficiency Konstantin Gura, representatives of the Institute of Gas of the NAS of Ukraine Konstantin Piany and Yevgeny Nikitin are convinced that the biomass market in Ukraine will develop rapidly. By 2035, the latter will replace 11% of the energy...

Enough balancing with coal. Round table "Investment attractiveness of RES balancing in Ukraine"

The prospects for balancing capacity were discussed at the round table "Investment attractiveness of RES balancing in Ukraine" on July 23, 2019. Key points: New balancing capacities will be competitively selected in accordance with the procedure developed by the Ministry of Energy and Coal Industry (will be available on the website of the Ministry of Energy and Coal in the future); the winner is the one who is cheaper and meets the technical requirements for balancing in different balancing groups; Ukrenergo: “500 MW of new natural gas balancing capacity should be in 2020”. ; The views of WARTSILA, a manufacturer of high-maneuvered gas units...

UABio letter to the President on stopping payment the "green tariff"

The Bioenergy Association of Ukraine, together with the associations that unite the leading producers of electricity from RES, have appealed to the President of Ukraine Volodymyr Zelensky about the negative situation with the payment of purchased electricity from alternative sources at the "green" tariff. The reason was the decision of the District Administrative Court of Kyiv on the application to secure the claim of PJSC “Nikopol Ferroalloy Plant” to the National energy and utilities regulatory commission of Ukraine (NEURC) in the case No. 640/11330/19 on the recognition of illegal and the cancellation of a number of NEURC decisions. In particular, the...

Articles of members

Mechanisms for supporting biomethane production and consumption

The development of biomethane production is the result of political will and reliable, long-lasting financial support mechanisms and investment subsidies, as biomethane cannot compete with natural gas in today's market conditions. Many European countries have already established mechanisms to support biomethane.Different countries use different support mechanisms to develop biomethane technologies. These mechanisms operate at different points in the biomethane value chain. Germany and Sweden were the pioneers in this area. Germany actively used, from 2000 to 2014, a green tariff for electricity from biogas, additional bonuses for enriching biogas to the quality of natural gas and the use of energy crops...

Economic prerequisites for the production and use of biomethane in electricity/heat production in Ukraine

Electricity produced from biomethane can already today be supplied to the grid at a “green” tariff of 0.1239 €/kWh (excluding VAT). However, the idea of ​​enriching biogas to biomethane is precisely the possibility of pumping it into the natural gas (NG) network. To create conditions for the use of biomethane from the NG network in the combined production of electricity and heat, it is necessary to create a national register of biomethane with the possibility of issuing certificates of origin, such as European certificates GoO (Guarantee of Origin). In the long term, with such a certificate, virtual trading of biomethane with EU...

Agrarian biomass potential for energy sector: project options for enterprises

What is the potential of agro biomass, and what hinders the development of relevant projects in Ukraine?What agricultural biomass energy projects can be implemented now?What is the volume of investments and payback period for agro biomass energy production projects in Ukraine? Read article "Agrarian biomass potential for energy sector: project options for enterprises",Georgii Geletukha – Chairman of the Board of the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine, Tetiana Zheliezna – Member of Auditing Committee of the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine. Monthly Journal "Zhurnal Holovnoho Enerhetyka", 2019, №7 July, p.47-53 (in Ukrainian)

Economic prerequisites for the production and use of biomethane as a motor fuel in Ukraine

The basic economic prerequisite for the development of the biomethane market is the increased price of fossil fuels, which is formed by additional environmental taxes and excise taxes on fossil fuels. Comparing the prices of compressed natural gas in different countries of Europe, we can see that the price in Ukraine is one of the lowest in the world and is in the lower price range and is currently 5.37 euro cents/kWh (0.51 €/m³). The highest price in Sweden is 13.78 euro cents/kWh (1.31 €/m³), ​​one of the leaders in the use of compressed biomethane in transport. Recall that enriched biogas (biomethane) can...

Experts from the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine, as a part of a Ukrainian delegation, visited Augsburg (Germany) and got acquainted with the waste management system.

The trip "Modern technologies and conceptual solutions for the waste processing industry" was held on May 20-24 in the cities of Bavaria within the framework of the "Bayern-fit for partnership" program of the Bavarian Government. Organizers: em&s and Solid waste consult Ukraine-Bavaria. Funding: Bayern International.

Waste in the region of Augsburg is separated into several containers. For recycling comes mostly brown (organic waste) and gray (unsorted residues) containers. The content of the gray container – burned, brown content – is fused to produce biogas. Paper, glass, plastic, packaging are utilized with the help of private companies.

Recycling in Augsburg is a comprehensive solution for one million inhabitants

The processing of organic and unsorted waste is organized by the non-profit municipal company AVA, that is established in 1991 by several municipalities, the main founder is Augsburg (280 thousand inhabitants). The services of the company are used by about one million inhabitants on the territory of 4880 km2.

Fig. 1 Entrance of cars with waste on the territory of the complex Fig. 2 Loading waste (unsorted residues) for incineration

Incineration of waste

The company recycles 350,000 tonnes/year of waste, of which 250,000 tonnes/year is combusted with heat and power generation (Fig. 3,4). Heat is supplied to the district heating network, used at the biogas plant of the company, a certain part is supplied to remote consumers by auto transport.

The burning temperature of the municipal solid waste (MSW) is at least 850 оС. After combustion, five-stage flue gas cleaning is used: electrofilters, water scrubbers, denitrification, filter with activated carbon. As a result, there have been no cases of exceeding the maximum allowable concentrations in flue gases during all exploitation periods.

After incineration 61,000 tons/year of slag is used to fill old salt mines and in road construction.

Also, 7,000 tons/year of metals are pre-selected from slag and bring an additional income of 1 million euros per year.

The company has two furnaces for burning medical waste (3500 tons/year). Medical waste is collected in special sealed containers and burned with them.

Fig. 3 The crane operator loads the waste (unsorted residue) for incineration Fig. 4 Remote control of waste incineration

Biogas production by organic waste fermentation

From 105,000 tons/year organic (food and garden) wastes biogas is generated and then, after purification and membrane enrichment, – biomethane. Biomethane is fed to gas filling stations through gas distribution networks and used as motor fuel. The resulting amount of gas is enough for 3800 cars to run 15,000 km for 1 year.

Fermentation of organic waste is organized in thermophilic mode. For this purpose, 3 reciprocating reactors, with a slow mixing, working in parallel are used (Fig. 5.6). Reactor's volume is 1600 m3 each. To heat the reactors, the heat generated by the combustion of waste is used. Reactors are connected to a universal common gas storage holder. The waste is in the reactor for 18-20 days.

Fig. 5 The feeding system of biogas reactor Fig. 6 General view of the biogas installation

The regenerated mass is divided into liquid and solid fractions. The liquid is used as a fertilizer for irrigating agricultural fields (28,000 tons/year). Solid is subjected to additional aerobic treatment and after 20 days of stabilization and final sifting is converted into commodity compost (16,000 tons/year) (Fig. 7).

Fig. 7 Commodity compost

So, conditionally zero waste treatment is organized in Augsburg. Separately collected organic waste is fermented to produce biogas, and the remainder is used as a fertilizer or a commodity compost (regulatory contamination of raw materials for compost 2-3%). Unsorted residual waste is burned, and the resulting after-burning slag is used for road construction or in salt mines, thus reducing the need for disposal in the landfill.
More about the problem of recycling the municipal solid waste can be found in the UABio position paper (2019) here.
Read also: UABio at the largest municipal solid waste landfill in Ukraine.
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