Deforestation in the Carpathian Mountains, a problem that has become the greatest resonance lately, is just the tip of the iceberg. Forestry occupies 1/6 of the country, but recently problems of forest growing and management retreated into the background, and Ministry of Agriculture, to which the State Forestry Agency is subordinated, was focused only on obtaining quick financial results.
Inactivity usually costs too expensive, but this inactivity should be regarded as the reluctance of officials to implement results already prepared by experts, including foreign. A number of problems that have accumulated in the sector is growing and currently includes the following:
- Increased exports of unprocessed timber, which led to critical relationships with woodworking industry;
- Unsettled market for wood and the lack of procedure for its sales at the internal market leads to thriving of illegal market;;
- The lack of administrative and criminal liability for processing of stolen timber and weak functions of forest protection;
- The inaction of regional councils, which control about 3 million hectares. regarding forestry development and approval of the program "Forests of regions" by 2025;
- Old rules for felling that do not include modern technology and environmental friendliness their conducting;
- Continuous unwarranted felling, especially in national parks;
- The absence of advanced wood processing at small and medium businesses, especially in depressed areas of the Carpathians and Polesie, where there are no other jobs except in forestry;
- Inadequate budget funding of forestry for the South and East of the country that leads to mass exempt of professional foresters, leaving unguarded forests, especially in the critical summer months of dry weather. The mass phenomenon is also deforestation at hundreds of hectares in Polesie due to mining amber, and Kherson and other areas due to mining of sand and stone.