News

Video: Bioenergy Europe about agricultural biomass: Miscanthus

Bioenergy Europe's third video of a series of four dedicated to bioenergy feedstock coming from agriculture, both perennial energy crops and agricultural residues. In this video Bioenergy Europe focuses on the potential of miscanthus as a perennial dedicated energy crop. Thanks to this crop's unique characteristics, miscanthus can be grown on degraded land and can mitigate soil erosion. These environmental benefits, and the little maintenance required (no fertilizers needed and harvest once a year) makes of miscanthus a fascinating crop deserving more attention and investment. About agrobiomass: with around 20% of the bioenergy feedstock coming from agriculture, both dedicated energy crops and...

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Video: Bioenergy Europe about agricultural biomass: Short Rotation Coppice Willow

Bioenergy Europe's third video of a series of four dedicated to bioenergy feedstock coming from agriculture, both perennial energy crops and agricultural residues. In this video we focus on Short Rotation Coppice (SRC) willow highlighting its potential in terms of utilization thanks to its energy characteristics and its specification that allow this plantation to positively contribute to environment and job creation.  About agrobiomass: with around 20% of the bioenergy feedstock coming from agriculture, both dedicated energy crops and agricultural residues can be utilised to produce heat, electricity and biofuels. Agricultural biomass represents an important and sustainable energy source although its potential remains...

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Official opening of EBRD and GEF Programme «Ukraine: Sustainable Bioenergy Value Chain Innovations»

Official opening of EBRD and GEF Programme «Ukraine: Sustainable Bioenergy Value Chain Innovations» was held on November 18 2019 at the Premier Palace Hotel in Kyiv. The programme started at Ⅳth quarter of 2019 and its duration is 48 months. About 100 experts participated in the presentation and discussion of the Program, among them representatives of agro-companies, associations, legislative and executive power, public organizations, business and scientists.

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Video: Extractions of forest residues in Sweden

We share the experience of Sweden, where branches and tree tops are converted into energy. Forests are thinned, not destroyed. The ashes left after burning are returned to the felling site to return all nutrients to the soil. Forest dwellers do not lose their homes.

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Take part in the online survey about the renewable gases market in Ukraine of the REGATRACE project

You are kindly invited to participate to the online survey of the REGATRACE project, where Bioenergy Association of Ukraine is a partner. The survey will take approximately 10 minutes. What is the REGATRACE project? REGATRACE is an Innovation Action co-funded by the European Commission under the Horizon2020 Research and Innovation Programme. REGATRACE aims creating an efficient trade system based on issuing and trading biomethane/renewable gases Guarantees of Origin (GoO). This objective will be achieved through the following founding pillars: European biomethane/renewable gases GoO system Set-up of national GoO issuing bodies - Integration of GoO from different renewable gas technologies with electric and...

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Articles of members

Corn residues storage costs

The corn stover should be stored under the conditions of keeping its normal amount of moisture against rain and soaking from the ground, avoiding decay and ensuring protection against fire. The selection of a storage type will depend on location and local conditions. The corn stover can be stored in open storage, tarped storage, permanent structure storage or anaerobic storage[1]. Several factors should be considered when selecting appropriate storage systems: feedstock stability during storage, cost of storage infrastructure, accessibility of feedstock during the entire storage duration, integration of storage platform with processing plant. The storage of biomass in permanent structures offers...

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Cost of equipment and operations related to harvesting of corn residues

The economic feasibility of corn residues harvesting depends on capital (key element) and operating costs. Capital expenditure is the cost of purchasing equipment. Operating costs are the costs of fuel, amortization, maintenance and repair, materials and labor.  Operating costs considerably depends on machinery productivity and the distance of transportation of bales from the field to the central storage facility. According to the corn stover harvesting cost estimation results, the net cost of collected biomass on the storage facility can be from 22.3 EUR/t d.m. Following storage and densification in briquettes or pellets will increase the added value of the corn stovers. Prepared by:...

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Corn harvesting technologies: in rolls and crushed form

In addition to the technologies for harvesting corn residues in bales described in the previous article, this biomass can be also: pressed into rolls using a roll baler instead of a baler of rectangular bales; collected in a crushed form as a mixture of different fractions of plant residues; collected in a crushed form in a separate fraction of plant residues, such as rods. Prepared by: Semen Drahniev – Member of the Expert Council of the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine for the platform of sustainable agribusiness SAF Ukraine. Technologies for harvesting corn and corn residues (in bales). Semen Drahniev. The platform of sustainable agribusiness SAF Ukraine. October 15th, 2019. The Bioenergy...

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Technologies for harvesting corn and corn residues (in bales)

There are several technological schemes for harvesting grain corn. Currently, the main method for harvesting commercial corn is combine threshing of ears in the field, shredding and spreading of the cut biomass with the use of combine harvesters equipped with corn reapers. This method of harvesting grain corn is the most economically feasible. In comparison with harvesting ears, the method provides 1.8-2 times decrease in labor costs and 20-25% reduction in fuel consumption[2]. Only a few agricultural enterprises (seed factories) collect corn as non-threshed ears with the following stationary threshing, which makes it possible to collect cobs. The seed factories...

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Business entities that burn biomass on stationary sources of pollution are taxpayers for carbon dioxide emissions (according to Article 240 Tax Code of Ukraine). From January 1, 2019, the tax rate for carbon dioxide emissions from stationary sources has been raised from 0.41 UAH per ton to 10 UAH per ton, ie increased by 24.4 times. 

Details: UABio Infographics "Ukraine has increased the CO2 tax for biomass plants"

This state of affairs does not correspond to world practice, since biomass is considered as СО2-neutral fuel, because the amount of carbon dioxide formed during burning equals the amount carbon dioxide which absorbed by plants during growth.

Position of the Bioenergy Association of Ukraine:

"We ask to exempt businesses which are burning biomass from stationary sources of pollution from paying carbon dioxide taxes.
In particular, we propose to supplement clause 243.4. Article 243 of the Tax Code of Ukraine with the following sentence: "The tax rate for carbon dioxide emissions resulting from the combustion of biomass, including as a result of its simultaneous incineration with other fuels, is 0.00 UAH per 1 ton".

For reference: 
All EU Member States do not apply carbon dioxide taxes on energy production from biomass:

1. According to the clean development mechanism methodology of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change, carbon dioxide emissions from biomass are not taken into account.
2. According to Guiding Principles on National Greenhouse Fas Inventories from IPCC (Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change Experts) CO2 emissions from biomass combustion are reported as zero in the energy sector.
3. In Sweden, the carbon dioxide tax is charged on the supply, import and production of fossil fuels for heating, biomass is exempt from this tax.
4. In the UK, the Carbon Price Floor tax is charged on fossil fuels for electricity generation and is not applicable to biomass.
5. In Denmark, the carbon dioxide tax is charged on production, processing, storing fossil fuels for heating, including energy taxes on petroleum products, coal, lignite, coke and certain energy products. Biomass is exempt from these taxes.

The letter was sent to Prime Minister of Ukraine Groysman V. B., Minister of Ecology and Natural Resources of Ukraine Semeraka O. M., Minister of Finance of Ukraine Markorovoy O. S., acting Chairman of the State Fiscal Service of Ukraine Vlasova O. S., acting Chairman of the Verkhovna Rada of Ukraine Committee on Fuel and Energy Complex, Nuclear Policy and Nuclear Safety Dombrovsky O.G. and Head of the State Agency on Energy Efficiency and Energy Saving of Ukraine Savchuk S.D.

UABio position is prepared, discussed and agreed by the UABio members, which generate more than 50% of all thermal energy from the RES in district heating systems of Ukraine.

Full UABio letter on supplement clause 243.4. Article 243 of the Tax Code of Ukraine on the release the biomass burning plants from the payment CO2 tax (in Ukrainian)
 
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