The largest renewable energy source

Biomass for energy (bioenergy) continues to be the main source of renewable energy in the EU3, with a share of almost 60%. The heating and cooling sector is the largest end-user, using about 75% of all bioenergy. 

Energy security

Bioenergy contributes to the EU’s energy security, as most of the demand is met from domestically produced biomass (about 96% in 2016).

Sustainable forestry

Forestry is the main source of biomass for energy (logging residues, wood-processing residues, fuelwood, etc.). Wood pellets, mainly for heating and electricity production, have become an important energy carrier.

Leading countries

Germany, France, Italy, Sweden and the UK are the largest bioenergy consumers in absolute terms, while the Scandinavian and Baltic countries, as well as Austria, consume the most bioenergy per capita.

Sustainability criteria

Bioenergy can play a key role in achieving the EU’s renewable energy targets for 2030 and beyond. However, biomass for energy must be produced, processed, and used in a sustainable and efficient way in order to optimize greenhouse gas savings and maintain ecosystem services, all without causing deforestation or degradation of habitats or loss of biodiversity. In the near future, we will talk in more detail about each of these aspects.

Source: The European Commission’s Knowledge Centre for Bioeconomy.